After Mark Zuckerberg, Vincent Van Gogh, Marie Curie, Andy Warhol, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart or even Albert Einstein, Lionel Messi, Eminem and Thomas Edison, the famous entrepreneur Elon Musk joins the list of celebrities with a particular form of autism: Spray (1).
From genius to creativity there is only one step!
The form from which Elon Musk “suffers” was brought to light in 1944 by Dr. Hans Asperger, an Austrian doctor, who already described at that time “ behavioral problems in several children who had a normal development of their intelligence and language, but who showed a marked impairment in social interactions and communication », Details Isabelle Hénault, psychologist.
Does this mean that Elon Musk, with his IQ a priori higher than 155, would finally be endowed with normal intelligence? No, things are not so binary in the world of neuro-atypia (2), a veritable color chart of neurological particularities (DYS disorders, hypersensitivity, high intellectual potential, etc.).
Certainly, ” cognitively, Asperger’s patients have average intellectual functioning “, describes Isabelle Hénault. But it happens, and this is apparently the case with Elon Musk, that the intellectual level is ” in the upper segment of the population », in association with “ an excellent memory capacity as well as an ability to develop remarkable passions and talents “.
And according to Dr. Asperger, whose work was not publicized until the 1980s, ” these extravagant individuals can achieve a certain level of success and fit in socially “. On all these points, Elon Musk responds present!
Still according to Isabelle Hénault, “ for a person to obtain a diagnosis of High Functioning Autism or Asperger’s syndrome, it is necessary, in addition to the criteria usually identified for a diagnosis of autism, that his intelligence quotient (IQ) be (of a level superior) “. We therefore understand that not all cases of Asperger’s autism are associated with a form of ” supra-intelligence “.
Family history, fixation tendencies, frozen expression
But the new boss of Twitter would experience, like all Asperger patients, significant difficulties in maintaining fluid communication and satisfactory social relations.
Other peculiarities associated with this neurological disorder, compared to typical forms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), ” a later appearance [des difficultés]frequent family history, less frequent neurological disorders, more favorable prognosis “. But also an increased tendency difficulties in understanding puns, expressing one’s own emotions precisely, intuitively recognizing » those of others. In a group, the patient may experience a form of ” faintness “.
The autistic patient Asperger has a significant number of subjects of ” predilection “in the center of his interest, as much as he will be able” make fixings » on a specific theme, « without worrying about whether or not their interlocutor is interested “.
He also struggles to apply instructions “. On this point, perhaps Elon Musk’s space conquest projects can be part of this way of proceeding: to persuade humanity at all costs to conquer space for one day to live there and to concretize his project a little more every day.
On the neurosensory level, and there we do not have all this data concerning Elon Musk, Asperger’s autism is characterized by ” hyper or hyposensitivity of certain senses (sight, hearing, touch, taste, smell), often clumsy gestures, a particular posture, an expression of the face often frozen and not very lively “.
But also a strong tendency to intellectualize feelings, feelings and sensations, difficulty looking the interlocutor in the eye, motor tics, possible difficulty recognizing faces (prosopagnosia) “.
1: As a reminder, there are many variants and several degrees of autism, which is why today we speak of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) more than autism.
2: Cerebral particularities could be at the origin of Asperger’s syndrome, with an overactivity of the left hemisphere (seat of language, reasoning and logic) compared to that of the right hemisphere (seat of empathy and of creativity).