here’s our ultimate guide to getting the build language right

Many Tesla owners use a language with some peculiarities related to the specifics of Elon Musk’s company. Don’t panic, thanks to this guide you will be able to find your way around the terms and other acronyms used.

If, after reading a few messages on a forum or elsewhere, you no longer begin to understand what the community is talking about about the Tesla Model Y or Model 3 in particular, this file is for you.

In addition to the language barrier that may exist between certain terms that come from English and that are specific to Tesla, there are many acronyms used in France that deserve to be explained to facilitate understanding.

So we will list below most of the terms that seem important to us to know and that relate to vehicles, functionalities or even the network of Superchargers.

Vehicles and their names

While Tesla is known for its four flagship vehicles, the Model S, Model 3, Model X and Model Y, there are many variations of these cars. You will no doubt come across the following terms in several places, and it is important to know them in order to fully understand what is being discussed.

Tesla Model S and Model X

For a number of years, the Tesla Model S and Model X had one denomination that easily indicated the battery capacity. From 2020 this is no longer the case. We then distinguish several ways of naming the brand’s flagship vehicles according to the periods.

  • Only one number (example: Model S 85) indicates a single engine version. The number corresponds to the size of the battery used, in gross capacity (85 kWh for our example);
  • A number followed by the letter ‘D’ (example: Model X 75D) indicates a version with four-wheel drive with dual motor (the ‘D’ stands for Dual Motor), where the number always corresponds to the size of the battery used;
  • The letter “P” followed by a number (example: Model S P85) indicates a performance version, which is more powerful than a classic version.

Note that a Performance version can be four-wheel drive, as is the case, for example, with the Tesla Model S P100D (Performance, 100 kWh battery, four-wheel drive).

Tesla Model S carpet

This convention disappeared in 2020, then Tesla has stopped offering multiple battery sizes on its Model S and Model X. Since then, the terms used are as follows:

  • Long autonomy for so-called “standard” vehicles replacing the 100D versions;
  • Performance for 2020 versions replacing P100D versions;
  • Plaid for the 2022 versions with three engines and four-wheel drive.

Thus, the naming of the models already gives you an indication of their age, bearing in mind that the switch took place in 2020, where The 100D and P100D versions gave way to the Long Autonomy and Performance versions, so recently Plaid.

Tesla Model 3 and Model Y

Appeared later than the Tesla Model S and Model X, The Tesla Model 3 and Model Y benefit from a more homogeneous name. The current area is composed as follows:

  • Propulsion, for vehicles with a battery of approx. 60 kWh and a rear motor;
  • Long autonomy, for vehicles with a battery of around 75 kWh and two engines (these vehicles have four-wheel drive);
  • Performance which has the same characteristics as the Long Range versions, but with a more powerful rear engine.

Of course, other names have been used depending on the year, but the two Long Range and Performance versions have never changed names. However, the entry level could be called ” Autonomy Standard Plusbetween 2019 and 2021, and it is for this model that the acronym ” SR+ “.

Tesla Model 3 Propulsion-3
Source: Anthony Wonner – Frandroid

Some use abbreviations for all of these models, including “LR” or “GA” for Long Range, “Prop” for Propulsion, or “Perf” for Performance. So don’t be surprised to read “TM3 SR+” here and there to designate a Tesla Model 3 Autonomy Standard Plus.

Finally, some atypical models were able to see the light of day, especially those called “Unicorn“, and which simply corresponds to a version of the Tesla Model 3 Propulsion equipped with an old, more powerful engine, which previously equipped the Autonomy Standard Plus.

The super charge

The fast charging of Tesla vehicles is certainly carried out on different networks, but most often the brand’s Superchargers are used. Here you will find terms related to Supercharge that will be useful for you to understand what each one is talking about.

  • SuC: corresponds to the term “Supercharger”, and can sometimes be written “SC”;
  • SoC: in English this corresponds to “State of Charge”, to indicate the battery level;
  • V2: corresponds to a V2 Supercharger, which is limited to 150 kW power;
  • V3: the latest generation of Superchargers, with an output of 250 kW;
  • BMS: in English this corresponds to “Battery Management System”, which is the battery management system.

Software options and acronyms

Teslas are computers on wheels and many options are software only, but you still have to navigate all the options that are or have been available depending on the period. Today, as far as driving assistance is concerned, we distinguish between three different levels, which we describe below.

  • Autopilot: this is the now standard setting at Tesla, which combines adaptive cruise control and steering assist;
  • Improved Autopilot: In addition to Autopilot, this includes Auto Exit, Navigate on Autopilot;
  • Fully autonomous driving: In addition to the improved autopilot, this feature adds response to traffic lights and stop signs.
Tesla’s Autopilot is no longer solely dependent on cameras // Source: Tesla

These driver assistant levels are commonly referred to as respectivelyAP, EAP and FSD. These acronyms from English simply repeat the names of the options: “AP” for autopilot, “EAP” for enhanced autopilot and “FSD” for full self-driving.

Note that in the US “FSD beta” is very different from what we know in Europe, we also have a dedicated file on this topic.


Especially on forums and social networks we find many acronyms about vehicles and the Tesla universe. We list below the most common ones and their meaning;

  • DC, for Delivery Center: a Tesla delivery center;
  • Frunk – Trunk: refers to the front and rear trunk respectively;
  • HW3, for Hardware 3: refers to the autonomous driving computer installed in Tesla since 2019;
  • MIC – MIUS – MIG: literally Made In China, Made in USA, Made in Germany. These acronyms are used to indicate the vehicle’s production facility;
  • OTA, for Over The Air: used to talk about a vehicle update;
  • SC, for service center: a Tesla dealer;
  • TA, for Tesla Advisor: person responsible for monitoring your order;
  • TV, for Tesla Vision: Tesla’s driver assistance system, based entirely on cameras;
  • UMC: the mobile charging socket, which allows charging on a conventional socket. In France it is sometimes referred to as “CRO” for occasional charging cable;
  • USS, for ultrasonic sensors: ultrasonic sensors that disappeared from vehicles in the fall of 2022.

Concepts that emerge over time

Of course, to have an exhaustive list of the terms used by aficionados of the Tesla brand is an impossible mission as new ones often appear. Using all the acronyms and other definitions that we explained above,you should be able to decipher the sometimes complicated languagehired to discuss Elon Musk’s company.

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